The Philippine market officially opened to U.S. fresh blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum, Vaccinium virgatum, and V. corymbosum hybrids) on May 24, 2020. Shipments MUST follow the market access protocol agreed to between the United States and the Philippines, which includes trapping for spotted wing drosophila, hand harvesting, and using a fruit extraction method to look for pests. All California blueberry exporters who wish to ship to the Philippines must also register and become certified by APHIS officials prior to the season. If a shipper previously registered and was added to the list, it is not necessary to repeat this process before each season. Please contact the Commission office for more information on this registered shippers list.
What follows is a summary of the phytosanitary protocol for exporting fresh U.S. blueberries to the Philippines. Exporters intending to ship to the Philippines should review the full details of import requirements provided (beginning on page 10) in Philippines Department of Agriculture Administrative Circular No. 5 of 2020.
The Philippines accepts Codex MRLs in cases where a national MRL is not set. For 87 pesticides with U.S. blueberry MRLs, 55 pesticides have no Philippine or Codex MRL established, and 8 have an MRL more restrictive than the U.S. MRL. Twenty-four (24) of these pesticides have a Philippine or Codex MRL harmonized with or set higher than the U.S. MRL.
More information on MRL levels can be found within the Global MRL Database: https://www.bryantchristie.com/BCGlobal-Subscriptions/Pesticide-MRLs. Thanks to funding from the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Environmental Protection Agency, a started level subscription to the database is available for no charge.